No Representation Without Consultation

No Representation Without Consultation

A Citizen’s Guide to Participatory Democracy

By Patrizia Nanz and Claus Leggewie, Translated by Damian Harrison and Stephen Roche


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“Our democracy urgently needs to be reinvented to thrive in this era. Big changes have to be made in the functioning of our representative institutions, and in the parties who compete for power through these. But these will not be enough. Citizens have to be involved. Our democracies must be reinvented from the ground up. Nanz and Leggewie have worked out an important proposal for doing just this, giving ordinary citizens a chance to define the issues. This clearly needs to be more widely known, and tried.”

– Charles Taylor, philosopher and political theorist


Introduction to the English Edition
Introduction The consultative as a fourth branch of government – process, mode, institution
Chapter 1 Post-democracy? Experiment with democracy!
Chapter 2 Process – the best and worst of participatory democracy
Chapter 3 The political mode - On the spirit of cooperation
Chapter 4 Institution – Future councils as arenas of generational politics
Chapter 5 Political participation in virtual spaces
Chapter 6 Future councils: a pathway to transnational democracy?